Internet of Things (IOT)
IoT devices can connect to the internet and collect data from their surroundings. It collects different kinds of data depending on what the device is used for. For example, detectors in industrial machinery can measure the temperature, while detectors in security cameras can measure distance and humidity. On the contrary hand, a household weather station will most likely have a sensor that attempts to measure humidity. For the IoT device to be helpful, it must send the data it collects. It will do this with the help of Wi-Fi, 4G, or 5G networks.
IoT platforms in the cloud are becoming more and more popular among businesses. The idea behind these services is to rent storage and processing space to meet different IoT needs. These services also assist organizations with their concerns about scalability and security. Even though these solutions require some extra resources, they are often cheaper than building and maintaining their own.
IoT Cloud systems are built on top of generic clouds like those offered by Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and IBM. Most of the time, these platforms emphasize logistics and network connectivity more than other platforms do. They can also be connected vertically, which makes it possible to connect the cloud platform to the needs of a particular industry. These platforms make it easy to set up, manage, and configure connected devices.
Applications of IoT in Transportation Sector
In the past few years, the use of Internet of Things (IoT)devices in the transportation sector has grown. Allied Market Research saysthat by 2023, the IoT market in transportation will have grown to $328 billion.The devices are currently used in security and surveillance, trafficmanagement, and vehicle telematics, all of which are parts of thetransportation industry.
The Internet of Things is used to make roads safer andreduce accidents. For example, highway webcams can see how fast cars are goingand let the police know. The same is true for security systems that can keeptrack of accidents and send ambulances to the scene. IoT applications inbusinesses also make production and performance better. In an old-fashionedfactory, maintenance workers have to check the settings of each machine by handevery single day. But with IoT, these checks can be done automatically. IoTalso helps industries avoid breakdowns by warning authorities about possiblethreats.
Costs of IoT Implementation
Putting IoT in place often comes with costs. The lack of qualified workers, infrastructure, and money are the most critical problems. These things could make implementation take longer or cost more than expected. These things can also cause a business model to change. A lack of skilled workers and inadequate infrastructure can affect users' security and privacy.
Implementing IoT will likely cost different amounts depending on the solution's complexity. For example, a device made just for you can cost tens of thousands of dollars. The device could take a few years to design, develop, and make. To connect devices to applications, you will also need middleware.
Threats to IoT
The Iot has a lot of good things about it, but it also has a lot of security risks. The most common of these threats is getting into IoT devices without permission. Bad actors can use these devices to access sensitive data in enterprise systems. IoT devices sometimes have poor security because they need to be built with the proper security measures. Because of this, they are often open to attacks by people who want to harm them. These attacks can cause system failures or even lock the device till a ransom is paid.
Malware and viruses that attack IoT devices can cause a lot of damage. Ransomware is one of the most common types. It locks up files until a ransom is paid. Even though an IoT device doesn't store important information, cybercriminals sometimes try to lock the device itself. It can usually stop this attack by resetting the device or adding a security patch.